It can also be grown in mountainous soils. In Uttaranchal where frequent ploughing oper ations are difficult to carry out effective digging and turning of soil, removing perennial weeds, land smoothening, providing inward slope with a shallow drain helps in taking out excess rain water. it does not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. The crops grown between March and … The culture-coated seed is to be dried well in shade to avoid clumping of seeds. seedling will be ready within 25 to 30 days. Summer      : Dec-Jan to March-April, PR-202, K-2, Co-2, Co-7, Co-8, Co-9, Co-10, Direct sown crop   : 5kg/ha Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. Developed & Maintained by Centre Yield : It is possible to harvest 20 - 25 qtl/ha of grain and 60 - 80 qtl/ha of fodder. 4) Ragi. Ragi is monocropped in India under irrigation or transplantation. variety – 20x10cm, Medium duration varieties 22.5 x 10cm. It is a great source of iron too, making it beneficial for those with low hemoglobin. The losses caused will be more if the disease appears in the nursery and on the ears affecting the neck and fingers. Finger millet is considered one of the most nutritious cereals which helps in keeping weight in control, maintaining bone health, lowering blood cholesterol, control anaemia and for diabetics because of lower glycemic response i.e lower ability to increase blood sugar level. Prepare a well pulverized seed bed for direct seeding of ragi. The Rabi crops are harvested in the springtime hence the name. Which of the following crops is produced during zaid cropping season? Cultivation of Millets (Finger millet and Kodo millet) Finger Millet or Ragi or Marua and Kodo Millet are the most commonly cultivated crop among the Millets in Arunachal Pradesh. The word Rabi is derived from Arabic for “Spring”. Give a brief description of the important millets grown in India. Ragi has a wide range of adaptation to soil, however, it is frequently associated with lateritic soils being mainly grown on red, light red, light black or grayish loams and sandy loams. Let us take a look at these. The harvesting and threshing of ragi, the staple diet in this region, grown in the kharif season, is in full swing in Mandya, Mysuru, Hassan and Chamarajanagar districts. soils are the most suitable. Cool and moist growing season. It is a Kharif Crop but in some states like Bihar, it is grown in the rabi season also. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. In India, finger millet (ragi) is a Rabi season crop (In India, Rabi cropping season is from October to March). Ragi is known as finger millet in English, nachani in Marathi and Gujarati, ragulu in Telugu, kezhvaragu or keppai in Tamil and marwa in Bengali. (b) Two important wheat growing zones in India are: The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the North-West and; Black soil region of the Deccan. Ear caterpillars- Dust crop with Malathion 5% @ 25 kg/ha, Field preparation and sowing of direct seeded crop, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The cultivation methods depend upon the characteristics of the physical environment, technological know-how and socio-cultural practices. borer, which causes dead heart symptoms, is often serious in the early stages of The ear heads are harvested with ordinary sickles and straw is cut close to ground. In the month of April or May, one deep ploughing with mould board plough , followed by ploughing with wooden plough twice is necessary. Before transplanting apply Phorate @ 0.5kg or Carbofuran. Transplanting should be closed Spacing – Early. Need based spraying of Mancozeb or Saaf (0.2%) can be resorted to. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted @ 25 x 10 cm and for Late Kharif season @ 30 cm x 10 cm. Finger Millet can be value added to prepare cakes, roti, dosa, porridge, upma, pitha, halwa, biscuits from the powder of Ragi. The disease is quite severe in kharif crop at all the growth stages. It is better to apply fertilizer as per soil test recommendation. Seedlings should be raised in well prepared nurseries in an area of 500m. They are kharif crops and grow in less rainy areas in the following order – Ragi (damp areas), Jowar (moist areas) and Bajra (dry areas). 10. within 5 cm depth encourages quick establishment & better tillering. Plough the field 3-4 times and incorporate FYM or compost 5t/ha. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops. Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type. Before sowing secondary tillage with cultivator and multiple tooth hoe to prepare smooth seed bed is necessary. Presently, it is a major crop only in a few southern states Seeds are very small (400 seeds / g) and take 5 -7 days to germinate. They are alternative to … It is mostly cultivated in Jhum field. Irrigation needs for paddy in summers have been sucking the underground water table dry prompting the administration to ban its cultivation before monsoon. Ragi seed are broadcast or drilled, in rows 7.5-30 cm apart. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. growth rate and yield. Ragi is seldom attacked by pests, hence can be grown safely without pesticides. Minor land smoothening before sowing helps in better in- situ moisture conservation. Grows well in sandy loamy soils having good drainage and humus with a pH range from 6-7.5. One week before uprooting Its high intake could increase quantity of oxalic acid in the body. In Rabi Season we consider harvesting month, not the sowing month. Fall ploughing is advantageous for moisture conservation. Finger millet/Ragi: Grows in high altitudes, with extreme climatic conditions. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Transplanted crop : 4-5kg/ha These are coarse grains but they have high nutritional value. The base of plant should be covered with soil when the next furrow is drawn. Aphids- Spray Methyl Demeton @1000 ml/ha at pre flowering stage. The cereal has low fat content and contains mainly unsaturated fat. Topdress N at 22.5 This can be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in 250 ml water and boiling for 5 minutes. Besides, at higher altitudes Cercopspora a leaf spot and in the coastal regions sheath blight ( Rhizoctonia sp.) Apply carbaryl 10% on the edges of the beds against ants. Ragi, also known as Finger millet, African millet or Nachani, is an annual plant widely grown in arid areas of Africa and Asia. Apply N, P2O5 Since it is grown in the moist areas, it does not need irrigation. Which of the following are known as coarse grains? Rainfed it is mostly intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and … For controlling grass hoppers, spray carbaryl 50% WP @ 1.2 kg/ha. for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University. 2. When it comes to plant and seed description, the finger millet plant can reach up 1 … beds and channels. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. It grows well in alluvial and red soils with good drainage. Nitrogen is to be applied as two split 50% as. Finger millet is grown in different seasons in different parts of the country. and K2O @ 22.5 kg/ha each before sowing planting. Around 80 per cent of the crop is grown in Kharif season. Apply manure, fertilizer after land preparation. The Straw of finger millet makes nutritious fodder. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . It is an important staple food in parts of eastern and central Africa and India. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. It is known by diff… Late season: July- Oct seedlings apply ammonium sulphate @ 1kg/ 100m2. A nursery area of 480 It can be grown alone or as a mixed crop with cotton, ragi and jowar. It is easy to digest and does not contain gluten. also appear, but are of minor importance. Ragi is rich in amino acids which are vital in normal functioning of body and are essential for repairing body tissues. The disease can be effectively managed by proper nutrition and water management. the crop. They require high temperature and less rainfall. Interesting ragi facts. Benefits of Ragi (Finger Millet), especially in the winter season! incorporate well into the soil along with fertilizer before sowing. Rainfall. Answer: Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India. Treating seeds with fungicides like carbendazim @ 2g/kg a day before sowing, If necessary spraying the nursery with carbendazim (0.05%) or kitazin (0.1%) or Ediphefos (0.1%) or Saaf (0.2%). 40:20:20 NPK kg/ha for short duration varieties cultivated under rainfed conditions; 60:30:30 NPK kg/ ha for short & medium duration varieties cultivated under irrigated conditions. In assured rainfall and irrigated areas : Pre-emergence spray: Isoproturon @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha. Finger Millet, commonly known as Ragi, is one of the healthiest food grains and can be found in any South Indian kitchen. More than 2/3 of rural households in the State still depend primarily on agriculture for their sustenance, with 93% of farmers being small and marginal. By growing resistant varieties like GPU 28, GPU 26 and GPU 48. not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. The ragi crop grows well in arid regions with low rainfall and drought-like conditions. (a) Wheat and Rice (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. It has the highest amount of calcium and potassium. Rabi season is also called a Rabi harvest. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. Maintenance of optimum plant population of 4- 5 lakh plants per ha is important. Apply 20 basket of FYM and small dose of fertilizer to help rapid growth of the seedlings. Also called finger millet in English, ragi is known to have important amino acids. For early kharif and Rabi season, plant 21 – 25 days old seedlings at a spacing of 25 cm x 10 cm; For Late Kharif season, plant 25-28 days old seedlings at a spacing of 30 x 10 cm So, in India, the best season for its growth is from May till September, while it is harvested during October and November. Ragi is suited for cultivation in areas with annual rainfall of 700-1200mm. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. 7.5-30 cm apart intellectual property guidelines and laws by Pyriculariagrisea is the major source of livelihood in Tamil.! Stirring the soil along with fertilizer before sowing helps in better in- situ moisture conservation 28, 26... 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And effective soil moisture conservation in English, ragi is not advised to patients having kidney stones (... % ) can be commercially traded and on the monsoon rains stop completely extreme climatic conditions the following crops produced! If consumed regularly, ragi is suited for cultivation and water management normal functioning of body are! 5 minutes presently in India English, ragi and Jowar the moist areas, it is known... The harvested ears and cover the heaps with ragi straw for 2-3 days before threshing increases... Agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested extensively for-profit purposes P2O5 K2O! The required quantity of sticker solution, a crop widely grown in the body finger millet English. Rainfall: 50 to 75 cm evenly distributed over the growing season tract and the 50... Which are vital in normal functioning of body and are essential for repairing body.! The area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season rich in amino acids are...

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