There is a white patch on their rump and they have a small white tail tipped with black. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Write. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. December 21, 2020 at 3:56 PM Happy Winter Solstice! These deer have large ears, which look … 1. Nevertheless, since these majestic creatures share their inhabitants with coyotes and mountain lions, they are not easy to take down. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. Disease and parasites influence overall population health, numbers, distribution, and sex and age composition. STUDY. Mule deer tails feature a black tip and appear more like a thick rope. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), averaging  around 68 kg (150 lb). weight True or False: The record antler spread for mule deer is 47.5 inches. Hueco Tanks State Park & Historic Site - Texas Parks and Wildlife. Size These deer range from 3.0-3.5 feet tall at the shoulder, 4.5-7.0 feet long and have a tail that is 5.0-8.0 inches long. They can detect water that is up to two feet below ground. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They usually have a distinctive black forehead, or mask, that contrasts sharply with a light grey face. Where to forage when afraid: Does perceived risk impair use of the foodscape? 3. Fun Facts: Mule Deer are good swimmers, though they rarely use water as a means of escaping predators. Gravity. A mule deer does not “flag” its tail (like a white-tailed deer), but often bounces away in a motion called “stotting,” in which all four hooves push off the ground at the same time. Mule deer live up to 9-11 years in the wild and 20 or more years in captivity. Dwinnell, S. P. H., H. Sawyer, J. E. Randall, J. L. Beck, J. S. Forbey, G. L. Fralick, and K. L. Monteith. In this new section of the Mule Deer Foundation Web site, we provide answers to some general questions about our species: Mule deer and black-tailed deer (collectively called mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus) are icons of the American West. Life History. There are 10 subspecies of mule deer. (Image credit: Wikimedia Commons user Hustvedt) Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Mule deer are generally easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears (generally 3/4 the length of the head). The habitat varies largely due to the massive range of mule deer across western North America. There are over 90 species of deer in the world, but the most common in the US are the white-tailed deer and mule deer. Again, this is over the weight of a grown adult male, so you can get an idea of how big and heavy this type of deer can be. They flee with high jumps, leaping and landing on all four legs at once. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Interesting Mule deer Facts: Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. In fact, the mule deer can be larger than the size of a grown man in cases. They live in a multi-generation family of related females and their offspring. Don't see your question or answer here? Lifespan. White-tailed deer are the smallest member of the deer family in North America, ranging in size from 150 to 310 … Nous voudrions effectuer une description ici mais le site que vous consultez ne nous en laisse pas la possibilité. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. The rocky hillside areas of Texas are where a large number of them are often spotted. Far-West Texas is home to the Desert Mule Deer, one of eleven subspecies of Odocoileus hemionus. Fawns are born in late spring to mid-summer and are spotted at birth but loose their spots within a few months. Welcome to mule deer fun facts with Ranger Diana. They measure from 31 - 42 inches in height and 4 to 7 feet in length. Enjoy this quick video by Ranger Diana from the Wyler Aerial Tramway, as she covers a ton of really neat mule deer facts! The average lifespan is around 10 years. Some populations undertake long migrations between winter and summer ranges. Besides humans, the three leading predators of mule deer are coyotes, wolves, and cougars. PLAY. Ecology. It is found on the western Great Plains, in the Rocky Mountains, in the United States southwest, and on the West Coast of North America. Under the jaw yo… Mule deer are browsers, feeding on herbaceous plants and the leaves and twigs of woody shrubs. Click to … The idea seems straightforward and promising; if we just don’t allow hunters to harvest young bucks, they will grow older and bigger and be available for harvest later. Share this Fact: View Comment. Sometimes male whitetail deer can weigh over 400 pounds. Each spring, a buck’s antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. The first Estes valley settlers within the early 1860’s found a moderately abundant this deer numbers. Known scientifically as the Odocoileus Hemionus, the mule deer is a large one, and its appearance really varies. b.) There are two species and one additional sub-species of deer that inhabit the North American continent: whitetail deer, mule deer, and a sub-species of mule deer called coastal black-tailed. The pelage of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light ash-gray to brown and even reddish. Source: Pixabay. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. In the summer months they are brown with hints of red. Though larger than the Texas whitetail, Texas’ mule deer are smaller than their northern cousins. They have better nighttime vision than humans, but less accurate daytime and color vision. Mule deer have excellent hearing and eyesight that warns them of approaching dangers. The mule deer has a height from 80 to 106 cm (31 to 42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). For many reasons, far-West Texas’ mule deer numbers have been falling irregularly for years. The average lifespan for mule deer is from 8 to 10 years in the wild, while in captivity individuals may live up to 20 years. White-tailed deer, however, do live in Colorado, including as close as Fort Collins, Denver and Granby, so I thought it would be insightful to talk about some of the differences and how to identify them when you do see them down the hill. They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. The mule deer and the white-tailed deer are very similar in appearance. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. Colors vary from a light grey to a dark grey, from a light brown to a lush dark brown and some are even a brownish red lush color. They break into smaller groups again by the next summer. The most important thing you should know is that it doesn’t take years of preference points to draw a good mule deer license in Colorado! Mule Deer Facts Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Apr 13, 2020 #6 J. Jake0588 New member. Mule deer are also afflicted with infectious keratoconjunctivitis, spread by flies, which affects the tissues sur-rounding the eye. Mule deer populations have been restored since severe depletion by market hunting took place at the end of the 19th century. Less common bacterial infections of free-ranging mule deer include plague, leptospirosis, Johne’s disease, and bacterial pneumonia. Mature bucks typically have eight to 10 total points (including brow tines that exceed one inch). The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer species native to western North America. That's why I am here to share some of my best mule deer hunting tips with you. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. kristen_vingoe. Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. But even if you’re a nonresident, there are many good mule deer hunts that can be drawn with very few points. See More. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. ... Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. Mule deer usually live 9-11 years in the wild and can live to be much older when in captivity. Whitetail Typical white-tailed deer antlers have several antler tines that arise singly off a main beam that sweeps outward and forward from the bases. Physical Features Mule deer are fairly easy to identify by their large ears, here are some interesting mule deer facts about these neat animals. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). Of this, the tail may comprise 11.6 to 23 cm (4.6 to 9.1 in). Mule Deer – Odocoileus hemionus. Learn more Mule deer are primarily browsers, with a majority of their diet comprised of forbs (weeds) and browse (leaves and twigs of woody shrubs). Brow tines are not always present. Icon credits: DNA by LAFS from the Noun Project, Food Chain by James Keane from the Noun Project Plant pictures: Geranium by Ed Rich, Lupine by Madam … They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Mule Deer Bio Facts. If the mule deer loses its antlers the new antlers can regrow almost instantly. The white tails of most mule deer terminate in a tuft of black hairs. They have a number of interesting behaviors and traits, learn more below. It is the smallest member of the deer family in Utah. The male ruminant grow antlers throughout the summer and fall and shed them every spring. The breeding season, called “rut,” occurs in mid-November. A mule deer may not escape as fast as a white-tailed deer, but a mule deer is more effective in quickly moving through rugged terrain. Mating season occurs in autumn when does come into estrus for a period lasting only several days. Mule deer range from 3 to 3.5 feet (0.9 to 1 meter) tall at the shoulder, 4.5 to 7 … Overall however, they can be identified not only by their ears, but also by the ever-changing color of their coat. Instead of eating large quantities of low-quality feed like grass, deer must select the most nutritious plants and parts of plants. Mule deer are selective feeders. Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. Reactions: teej89. Newborn fawns are licked clean by the doe to minimize scent and have a spotted coat to help camouflage them. Discover its origins, biology, and other uniquely morbid behavior here. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. Mule deer are larger than whitetail deer, usually weighing between 100 and 220 pounds. Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. Mule deer bucks, on the other hand, have antlers that grow outward and up with forked branches. The gestation period is approximately 200 days, with fawns arriving in the spring; the young will remain with mothers throughout the summer and become weaned in the autumn. These large deer are quite unique creatures. The whitetail is the most abundant species in the United States. Odocoileus hemionus. Their color depends on their surroundings and the also season. It is the smallest member of the deer family in Utah. They seem to like the arid climate and to live where a variety of different plants are offered as a source of food. Learn more Because the eyes of mule deer are located on the sides of their heads, they can see a 310 degree view around themselves. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. It is named for its ears, which are large like those of the deer. Serially polygynous, one of eleven subspecies of Odocoileus hemionus ) are easy to identify due to its ears. And its appearance really varies important seasonal habitats that fork, and website in this browser for the summer. 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