Latvia is a parliamentary republic with a head of government - the prime minister - who chooses the council of ministers and a head of state - the president - who has a largely ceremonial role and nominates the prime minister. As observed on the physical map of the country above, Latvia is a very flat country of low-lying plains, largely covered by forest. Latvia became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014, which further improves Latvia’s advantages as an investment destination. Latvia is a member of many international organizations, including the United Nations, World Bank, the Council of Europe and the World Trade Organization. The politics of Latvia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.The President holds a primarily ceremonial role as Head of State. The following article is a part of a series of brief country profiles for the EU-28 ahead of the European elections in May. Executive power is exercised by the government. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. Latvia is a parliamentary republic with a head of government - the prime minister - who chooses the council of ministers and a head of state - the president - who has a largely ceremonial role and nominates the prime minister. Latvia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Latvian cities have developed and grown around trade and traffic routes, nowadays, more so around significant manufacturing facilities.The biggest city: RÄ«ga with 643,368 inhabitants2nd biggest: Daugavpils - 87,403 EU Multiannual Financial Framework With EU support, The Nature Conservation Agency has recently been running an initiative to monitor natural habitats in Latvia, such as forests, swamps, dunes or … Photo Gallery Latvia is a high-resolution image service featuring images of Latvia. As Latvia's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU. Since joining the bloc, nearly a fifth of the nation has left to work in more affluent EU nations: The U.K., Ireland, Germany. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.Â. January 21, 17:17. The country is subdivided into 110 one-level municipalities and 9 cities. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament, the Saeima. Latvia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. The influence on the national economics in Latvia already can be felt, even before entering the EU. Official EU language(s): Romanian; EU member country: since 1 January 2007; Currency: Romanian Leu RON. The … During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions. Find out who these MEPs are. Non-EU nationals who stay in Latvia with a valid uniform visa can apply directly to the OCMA for a residence permit. These have their own city councils and municipal administrations. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries. Latvia's neighbours to … Find out more about how Latvia benefits from EU funding. In a report titled "Europe's Crime Capitals," Forbes business magazine claimed that only Turkey has a higher crime rate than the Baltic state. There are 8 members of the European Parliament from Latvia. In 2018, share of population aged 30–34 with tertiary education attainment in Latvia was above the EU average, but adults' participation in lifelong learning is below the EU average. In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means. Latvia continues to revamp its economy for eventual integration into various Western European political and economic institutions. Intra-EU trade accounts for 67% of Latvia’s exports (Lithuania 15%, Estonia 11% and Germany and Sweden 7%), while outside the EU 14% go to Russia and 4% to the United States. Latvia, a Baltic state in Europe lies along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and covers an area of 4,589 sq. In terms of imports, 75% come from EU Member States (Lithuania 17%, Germany 11% and Poland 9%), while outside the EU 8% come from Russia and 4% from Canada. Located in the Baltic region of northeastern Europe, Latvia is a member of the European Union, Eurozone, NATO, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, The following link is a redirection to an external website, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS, Current presidency of the Council of the EU, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB), Total EU spend in Latvia – € 1.212 billion, Total contribution to EU budget – 0.234 billion. ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী, Словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 19:11. We represent the interests of the Republic of Latvia in the European Union. EU Multiannual Financial Framework Just over two-thirds of voters voted Yes and Latvia joined the EU on 1 May 2004. (On March 27, 2007 the Border Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Latvia recognizes Abrene (now Pytalovo) as a ceded territory, thus opening the opportunity for Latvia to proceed with the official demarkation of the border which is a pre-requisite to Latvia’s joining the Schengen zone of the European Union.) Latvian cities have undergone diverse changes throughout the centuries. Latvia has 7 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. Latvia.eu is Latvia’s official website where you’ll find information about Latvian culture, history, economy, society, sports and more, Get to know Latvia! RIGA - Latvia has the highest crime rate in the EU and the second highest in Europe, according to a recent report. Latvia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 64,573 km², and population number 1,986,096, as per 2015. The government remains subject to Parliament's approval throughout each term. As of 1 May 2004 it is a member State of the European Union (more info). It was 63/37% respectively in 2017/18. Latvia was admitted to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) in 2004. More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending: The money paid into the EU budget by Latvia helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. Latvia lies in Northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and northwestern part of the East European Craton (EEC), between latitudes 55° and 58° N (a small area is north of 58°), and longitudes 21° and 29° E (a small area is west of 21°). On 26 January 2021, we shall celebrate the centenary of the international recognition of the Republic of Latvia de iure. The United Kingdom remains a major partner to Latvia and the EU; therefore, in the future, we would like to have as close as possible cooperation in safeguarding people’s interests, in security, defence, foreign affairs, trade, education and other matters. Sjanits’ job is to respond to the exodus triggered by Latvia’s accession to the EU. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €24.378 billion, as per 2015. Edgars Rinkēvičs calls for launching the Conference on the Future of Europe. The country is subdivided into 110 one-level municipalities and 9 cities. It is one of the Baltic States, together with Estonia in the north and Lithuania in the south. Lauma studies rivers and lakes, and collaborates with other European experts to review their research. the Commission or Parliament). Latvia has a total area of 64,559 km (24,926 sq mi) of which 62,157 km (23,999 sq mi) land, 18,159 km (7,011 sq mi) agricultural land, 34,964 km (13,500 sq mi) forest land and 2,402 km (927 sq mi) inland water. The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation". The following link is a redirection to an external websiteCurrent presidency of the Council of the EU. Latvia has a long and successful tradition of extra-curricular education, called interest-related or hobby education. The most important sectors of Latvia’s economy in 2018 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (25.4%), industry (16.1%) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (15.8%). Latvia begins the new year by joining the eurozone, becoming the 18th member of the group of EU states which uses the euro as its currency. The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. BRUSSELS - Thirteen members of the European Union (EU), including Latvia, urged the European Commission on Wednesday to help the bloc's eastern neighbors … It covers the member state of Latvia. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU. Romania has committed the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions. The capital is Riga. News . The list of countries to which flights are not allowed can change depending on countries’ COVID-19 incidence. The country has very few natural resources and imports all of its natural gas and oil, as well as half of its electricity needs. Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months. These have their own city councils and mu… km (24,938 sq mi). Questions regarding specific cases or additional information can be sent to: info@li.lv . All EU member States are WTO members, as is the EU (until 30 November 2009 known officially in the WTO as the European Communities for legal reasons) in its own right. For elections in the European Union, Latvia is a European Parliament constituency, currently represented by eight MEPs. Latvia was the last of the states which would join the EU in 2004 to hold a referendum on the issue. Watch here our video from 2018 about the party. Schengen: Romania is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area. Since May 2004 Latvia is a member of … Today, 76 towns and cities are located in the relatively small Republic of Latvia. Latvia also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. In 2000, Latvia’s population stood at 2.38 million. The images may be used free of charge only for the purpose of promoting Latvia to foreign media. Latvia replaced its previous currency, the lats, with the euro on 1 January 2014, after a European Union (EU) assessment in June 2013 asserted that the country had met all convergence criteria necessary for euro adoption. Latvia is a country in Northern Europe. 2. 2. The United Kingdom remains a major partner to Latvia and the EU; therefore, in the future, we would like to have as close as possible cooperation in safeguarding people’s interests, in security, defence, foreign affairs, trade, education and other matters. (KPV LV). Latvia sunk deeper into a financial morass in 2009, with soaring unemployment that reached 22.3% in November—the highest rate in the EU—and heavy debt that prompted the government to implement steep budget cuts and turn to the IMF and the EU for a bailout. Starting from 3 September, airlines are allowed to operate flights from Latvia’s airports to all European Union (EU) member states and countries of the European Economic Area (EEA), excluding Spain, Andorra, Malta and Luxembourg. Once your Blue Card has been granted and before you enter Latvia, you must, if necessary, obtain a visa at a diplomatic or consular representative office of the Republic of Latvia abroad. Figures: Geographical size - population - gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS Its GDP per head in purchasing power standards is about one quarter of the EU-15 average. Latvia has a population of 2.4 million inhabitants with a 1999 GDP per capita of 2280 ECU (1). Latvians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. Its capital is Riga and the official language is Latvian. The capital and chief city is Riga. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Latvian government, depending on the policy area being addressed. The Commissioner nominated by Latvia to the European Commission is Valdis Dombrovskis, Executive Vice-President for an Economy that Works for People. The adoption process began 1 May 2004, when Latvia joined the European Union, entering the EU's Economic and Monetary Union. The government remains subject to Parliament's approval throughout each term. Latvia has been a member of WTO since 10 February 1999. Centenary of Latvia’s international recognition de iure. For a Humane Latvia Leader: Rolands Millers Orientation: Right-wing EP Affiliation: →EPP (intention to join EPP) EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data) Until December 2020 known as Who Owns the State? At the start of this year, it was 1.95 million. Latvia has 7 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. North and Lithuania in the North and Lithuania in the European economic and Social Committee own. 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